You must first understand exactly what Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and Male Pattern Baldness are prior to properly preventing or treating hair loss in men. Male pattern baldness, also known as androgenetic alopecia, is responsible for most cases of hair loss in men. Other cases of men losing their hair is typically due to serious diseases, certain medications they may be taking or high-stress situations and events. However, most hair loss in men is simply because of heredity.
Men with male pattern baldness inherit hair follicles with a genetic sensitivity to Dihydrotestosterone. DHT is made in the body from testosterone by the action of the enzyme 5-alpha-reductase, which is mainly found in the prostate gland, testes, adrenal glands and hair follicles.
While the exact genetic process of male pattern baldness is not completely understood, health experts do know that Dihydrotestosterone shrinks hair follicles by causing them to miniaturize. This process shortens the lifespan of each follicle affected. Normally, Dihydrotestosterone is responsible for so-called 'secondary male sex characteristics' such as facial hair and a deep voice; however, while Dihydrotestosterone puts more hair on the face, it also takes hair off the scalp. DHT is directly responsible for gradually thinning hair over time by stifling the hair follicle's ability to produce hair.
The most important structure of a hair follicle is at its base, called the dermal papilla, which is responsible for getting the nutrients needed for proper hair follicle growth. Everyone's hair goes through stages of growth, transition and shedding but this life cycle gets disrupted by Dihydrotestosterone. An inherited tendency to lose hair usually means that hair follicles are particularly sensitive to the effects of Dihydrotestosterone - which prevents proteins, vitamins and minerals from providing nourishment to hair follicles. This causes hair follicles to shrink and hair to grow at a slower rate, meaning that the growing phase of the hair follicles becomes shorter or the resting stage becomes longer, or both. The result is thinning hair since the hair shaft becomes finer with each new growth phase. Eventually, new hairs simply stop emerging.
Male pattern baldness is typically characterized by a receding hairline and thinning crown. Hair in areas including the temples and mid-anterior scalp appear to be the most sensitive to Dihydrotestosterone. This pattern eventually progresses into more widespread baldness throughout the entire top of the scalp, leaving only a rim or 'horseshoe' pattern of hair remaining in the more advanced stages of baldness. For some men, even this remaining rim of hair can be affected by Dihydrotestosterone. Today, with proper intervention, this process can be slowed or even stopped if caught early enough. In order to prevent or treat male hair loss, it's important to use a comprehensive blend of extra-strength vitamins and botanicals scientifically formulated just for men dealing with this condition. Though there are numerous other methods, including drugs and surgery, hair loss has been naturally treated successfully for centuries.
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